The aims of the research at CED are to (a) improve the knowledge of individual behaviour, family organisation, and demographic outcomes during the period when Sweden was transformed from an agricultural to an industrial society and the welfare state was founded, (b) improve the understanding of contemporary behaviour through a full life-course approach, (c) analyse the role of intergenerational factors on such behaviour and (d) analyse the influence of economic change and development of welfare institutions on demographic behaviour, and the macro consequences thereof. A cornerstone of the CED's research effort is an expansion of the existing Scanian Economic Demographic Database (SEDD) to add data on individuals and families from the period 1895 to 1968 (from 1968 onwards individual micro data is already available from other sources). Closing this data gap will enable the researchers to follow individuals and families through time and societal transformations, from the 17th century until today.
The research takes place within five interconnected areas which often share theoretical and methodological traits. Most CED researchers are also active in more than one of these five areas.
- The Demographic Transition deals with the major demographic changes taking place as the modern society develops, such as the change from high to low levels of mortality and fertility
- Population Ageing is about the economic and social consequences of the change in age structure caused by the demographic transition
- Family, Fertility and Gender deals with the fundamental role of families and households in the transition process as well as related welfare state policies
- Immigrant Integration takes not only a labour market and economic perspective but includes comprehensive demographic aspects of integration such as health and fertility issues
- Pathways to Health and Wellbeing focuses on the importance of conditions in early life on later life outcomes such as educational attainment, labour market performance, and health